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Lord Macaulay (1800-1859)
Sesquicentennial of the Death of Thomas Babington, Lord Macaulay

Lord Macaulay (1800-1859), born Thomas Babington, was an English historian, peer, politician, and poet. He was an active opponent of slavery, a supporter of education and equality in India, and instrumental in parliamentary reform to increase representation of cities that had become unrepresented relative to rural areas during the rapid industrial growth. He authored a five-volume work on the History of England, and wrote numerous clear-minded, critical essays for reviews like the Edniburgh Review. He is perhaps best known today for his far-ranging critique of James Mill's theory of utilitarianism.

[For further reading see 19th Century Utilitarianism]