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Lalor's Cyclopedia - 19thC French Political Economy
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Source: Cyclopedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States by the best American and European Authors, ed. John J. Lalor (Chicago: M.B. Carey, 1899). 3 vols. Lalor's Preface. VOLUME I. Abdication - Duty; VOLUME II. East India Company- Nullification; VOLUME III. Oath - Zollverein.

Copyright: The text is in the public domain.

Fair Use: This material is put online to further the educational goals of Liberty Fund, Inc. Unless otherwise stated in the Copyright Information section above, this material may be used freely for educational and academic purposes. It may not be used in any way for profit.

As John Lalor states in his Preface, many of the articles which appeared in the Cyclopedia he edited were taken from French and German reference works such as the Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique, the Dictionnaire Général de la Politique,and the Staatswörterbuch. We quote a section of Lalor's Preface below in which he justifies this decision for an American reference work on politics and political economy.

NEITHER American nor English literature has hitherto possessed a Cyclopædia of Political Science and Political Economy. The want of a work of reference on these important branches of knowledge has long been felt, especially by lawyers, journalists, members of our state and national legislatures, and the large and intelligent class of capitalists and business men who give serious thought to the political and social questions of the day. The present work, which will be completed in three volumes, is the first to supply that want. It is also the first Political History of the United States in encyclopædic form—the first to which the reader can refer for an account of the important events or facts in our political history, as he would to a dictionary for the precise meaning of a word. The French, the Germans and even the Italians are richer in works of reference on political science and political economy than the Americans or the English. The Germans have Rotteck and Welcker's Staatslexikon, and Bluntschli and Brater's Staatswörterbuch; the French, Block's Dictionnaire Général de la Politique, and the celebrated Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique, edited by Guillaumin and Coquelin.

The "Cyclopædia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States" is intended to be to the American and English reader what the above-named works are to French and German students of political science and political economy. The articles by foreigners in our work are largely translations from the Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique, the Dictionnaire Général de la Politique, the Staatswörterbuch, and original articles by Mr. T. E. Cliffe Leslie, the eminent English economist; while the American articles are by the best American and Canadian writers on political economy and political science. The task of writing the articles on the political history of the United States was confided to one person, Mr. Alexander Johnston, of Norwalk, Connecticut, thoroughness, conciseness and the absence of repetition and of redundancy being thus secured.

It has been our aim to produce a work covering ground not covered by other cyclopædias. Hence, the biographies of American statesmen are made purposely very short, ours not being a biographical dictionary. The biographies in question are intended mainly to supplement the articles on the political history of the United States; just as our Cyclopædia itself is intended as a supplement to every other cyclopædia in the English language. It is, in fact, a special Cyclopædia, and bears the same relation to other cyclopædias that, for instance, a cyclopædia of law, medicine or engineering does. Great care has been taken in the articles from the French and German to preserve the exact meaning of the writer. In no instance has any liberty been taken with the thought of a contributor. The editor has not sought to harmonize the ideas of so many writers, and yet in very few instances will the opinions of one writer be found in direct conflict with those of another. The same subject is, in some cases, treated by two writers, but from a somewhat different point of view, under titles almost identical; and in these cases the difference of title serves merely for convenience of reference.

We thought it might be useful to identify some of these authors and their articles, in particular those written by leading members of the French school of political economy who contributed to the Dictionnaire de l'Economie Politique, edited by Guillaumin and Coquelin. First, there is a list by author, then an alphabetical list of all articles. We plan to include the articles by each author in the Reading Lists section of the OLL.

AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  1. ABSENTEEISM—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  2. ACCUMULATION OF WEALTH—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  3. ARMIES, STANDING—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  4. ASSOCIATION AND ASSOCIATIONS—AMBROISE CLÉMENT.
  5. CHARITY, PRIVATE—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  6. CONSUMPTION, TAXES ON ARTICLES OF—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  7. FUNCTIONARIES—A. CLÉMENT.
  8. IMMATERIAL PRODUCTS—A. CLÉMENT.
  9. INDUSTRY, PROGRESS OF.—A. CLÉMENT.
  10. WANTS—A. CLÉMENT
  11. WEALTH—A. CLÉMENT

CHARLES COQUELIN

  1. AGENTS, NATURAL—CHARLES COQUELIN
  2. AGIO—CHARLES COQUELIN
  3. APPROPRIATION.—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  4. ARBITRAGE—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  5. ARTISANS—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  6. ASSIGNATS—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  7. ATELIERS NATIONAUX—CHARLES COQUELIN
  8. BANK NOTES—CHARLES COQUELIN
  9. CAPITAL—CHARLES COQUELIN
  10. CIRCULATION OF WEALTH.—CHARLES COQUELIN
  11. COMPETITION.—CHARLES COQUELIN
  12. DEBT, IMPRISONMENT FOR—CHARLES COQUELIN
  13. DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH—CHARLES COQUELIN
  14. ENCOURAGEMENT OF INDUSTRY BY THE STATE—BOUNTIES, ETC., GENERAL PRINCIPLES—CH. COQUELIN
  15. EXCHANGE OF WEALTH—CH. COQUELIN
  16. HISTORICAL SUMS, VALUATION OF—CH. COQUELIN
  17. INDUSTRY—CH. COQUELIN.
  18. INHERITANCE—CH. COQUELIN.
  19. NAVIGATION ACT—CH. COQUELIN.
  20. POLITICAL ECONOMY—CH. COQUELIN

SAY FAMILY

  1. AGIOTAGE—HORACE SAY
  2. CLIENTÈLE AND CUSTOM—LÉON SAY.
  3. DIVISION OF LABOR—HORACE SAY
  4. MORAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE—J. B. SAY
  5. NATURE OF THINGS—J. B. SAY.
  6. OUTLET—J. B. SAY

HENRI BAUDRILLART

  1. ARISTOCRACY.—HENRI BAUDRILLART.
  2. COMMUNISM—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  3. DEMOCRACY—HENRY BAUDRILLART
  4. FAMILY—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  5. MONARCHY—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  6. REPUBLIC—HENRI BAUDRILLART.
  7. SOCIETY—HENRI BAUDRILLART

JOSEPH GARNIER

  1. ARITHMETIC, POLITICAL—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  2. CONSUMPTION OF WEALTH—JOSEPH GARNIER
  3. COST OF COLLECTION OF TAXES.—JOSEPH GARNIER
  4. DEMAND AND SUPPLY—JOSEPH GARNIER
  5. ENTREPRENEUR—JOSEPH GARNIER
  6. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS—JOSEPH GARNIER
  7. FREEDOM OF LABOR—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  8. INVENTIONS—JOSEPH GARNIER
  9. LAISSEZ FAIRE—LAISSEZ PASSER—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  10. LIST, AND HIS SYSTEM—JOSEPH GARNIER
  11. MALTHUS, THOMAS ROBERT—JOSEPH GARNIER
  12. MERCANTILE SYSTEM—JOSEPH GARNIER
  13. PHYSIOCRATES—JOSEPH GARNIER
  14. POPULATION—JOSEPH GARNIER
  15. RICARDO DAVID—JOSEPH GARNIER.

G. DE MOLINARI

  1. CITIES AND TOWNS.—G. DE MOLINARI
  2. CIVILIZATION—G. DE MOLINARI
  3. FASHIONS, POLITICAL ECONOMY OF—G DE MOLINARI
  4. FINE ARTS, THE—G. DE MOLINARI
  5. INTERNATIONAL, THE, or the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WORKINGMEN—G. DE MOLINARI
  6. NATIONS, IN POLITICAL ECONOMY—G. DE MOLINARI
  7. NOBILITY.—G. DE MOLINARI.
  8. PROTECTION—G. DE MOLINARI

H. PASSY

  1. CLIMATE, POLITICO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF—H. PASSY
  2. GOVERNMENT—HIPPOLYTE PASSY
  3. RENT—H. PASSY., E. J. L.
  4. UTILITY—HIPPOLYTE PASSY
  5. VALUE—HIPPOLYTE PASSY

COURCELLE SENEUIL

  1. FORTUNES, PRIVATE—COURCELLE SENEUIL.
  2. FOURIERISM—COURCELLE SENEUIL
  3. LAND—COURCELLE-SENEUIL
  4. LAW'S SYSTEM—COURCELLE-SENEUIL
  5. LAWS SUMPTUARY—COURCELLE-SENEUIL

LÉON FAUCHER

  1. INTEREST—LÉON FAUCHER
  2. LABOR, THE RIGHT TO (IN FRENCH POLITICO-ECONOMIC HISTORY)—LÉON FAUCHER.
  3. PROPERTY—L. FAUCHER

FREDERIC BASTIAT, MICHEL CHEVALIER, L. WOLOWSKI, CH. DUNOYER, AUGUSTIN COCHIN, M. MONJEAN, LOUIS REYBAUD, GUIZOT

  1. LAW, SPOLIATION BY—FREDERIC BASTIAT
  2. PLENTY AND DEARTH—FRÉDÉRIC BASTIAT
  3. MEXICO—MICHEL CHEVALIER
  4. PAPER MONEY—L. WOLOWSKI
  5. PRODUCTION OF WEALTH—CH. DUNOYER
  6. SLAVERY—AUGUSTIN COCHIN
  7. SMITH, ADAM—M. MONJEAN
  8. SOCIALISM AND SOCIALISTS—LOUIS REYBAUD
  9. THIRD ESTATE—GUIZOT.

All Articles by French Economists in the Cyclopedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States by the best American and European Authors, ed. John J. Lalor (Chicago: M.B. Carey, 1899). 3 vols.

  1. ABSENTEEISM—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  2. ACCUMULATION OF WEALTH—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  3. AGENTS, NATURAL—CHARLES COQUELIN
  4. AGIO—CHARLES COQUELIN
  5. AGIOTAGE—HORACE SAY
  6. APPROPRIATION.—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  7. ARBITRAGE—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  8. ARISTOCRACY.—HENRI BAUDRILLART.
  9. ARITHMETIC, POLITICAL—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  10. ARMIES, STANDING—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  11. ARTISANS—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  12. ASSIGNATS—CHARLES COQUELIN.
  13. ASSOCIATION AND ASSOCIATIONS—AMBROISE CLÉMENT.
  14. ATELIERS NATIONAUX—CHARLES COQUELIN
  15. BANK NOTES—CHARLES COQUELIN
  16. CAPITAL—CHARLES COQUELIN
  17. CHARITY, PRIVATE—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  18. CIRCULATION OF WEALTH.—CHARLES COQUELIN
  19. CITIES AND TOWNS.—G. DE MOLINARI
  20. CIVILIZATION—G. DE MOLINARI
  21. CLIENTÈLE AND CUSTOM—LÉON SAY.
  22. CLIMATE, POLITICO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF—H. PASSY
  23. COMMUNISM—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  24. COMPETITION.—CHARLES COQUELIN
  25. CONSUMPTION, TAXES ON ARTICLES OF—AMBROISE CLÉMENT
  26. CONSUMPTION OF WEALTH—JOSEPH GARNIER
  27. COST OF COLLECTION OF TAXES.—JOSEPH GARNIER
  28. DEBT, IMPRISONMENT FOR—CHARLES COQUELIN
  29. DEMAND AND SUPPLY—JOSEPH GARNIER
  30. DEMOCRACY—HENRY BAUDRILLART
  31. DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH—CHARLES COQUELIN
  32. DIVISION OF LABOR—HORACE SAY
  33. ENCOURAGEMENT OF INDUSTRY BY THE STATE—BOUNTIES, ETC., GENERAL PRINCIPLES—CH. COQUELIN
  34. ENTREPRENEUR—JOSEPH GARNIER
  35. EXCHANGE OF WEALTH—CH. COQUELIN
  36. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS—JOSEPH GARNIER
  37. FAMILY—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  38. FASHIONS, POLITICAL ECONOMY OF—G DE MOLINARI
  39. FINE ARTS, THE—G. DE MOLINARI
  40. FORTUNES, PRIVATE—COURCELLE SENEUIL.
  41. FOURIERISM—COURCELLE SENEUIL
  42. FREEDOM OF LABOR—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  43. FUNCTIONARIES—A. CLÉMENT.
  44. GOVERNMENT—HIPPOLYTE PASSY
  45. HISTORICAL SUMS, VALUATION OF—CH. COQUELIN
  46. IMMATERIAL PRODUCTS—A. CLÉMENT.
  47. INDUSTRY—CH. COQUELIN.
  48. INDUSTRY, PROGRESS OF.—A. CLÉMENT.
  49. INHERITANCE—CH. COQUELIN.
  50. INTEREST—LÉON FAUCHER
  51. INTERNATIONAL, THE, or the INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF WORKINGMEN—G. DE MOLINARI
  52. INVENTIONS—JOSEPH GARNIER
  53. LABOR, THE RIGHT TO (IN FRENCH POLITICO-ECONOMIC HISTORY)—LÉON FAUCHER.
  54. LAISSEZ FAIRE—LAISSEZ PASSER—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  55. LAND—COURCELLE-SENEUIL
  56. LAW, SPOLIATION BY—FREDERIC BASTIAT
  57. LAW'S SYSTEM—COURCELLE-SENEUIL
  58. LAWS SUMPTUARY—COURCELLE-SENEUIL
  59. LIST, AND HIS SYSTEM—JOSEPH GARNIER
  60. MALTHUS, THOMAS ROBERT—JOSEPH GARNIER
  61. MERCANTILE SYSTEM—JOSEPH GARNIER
  62. MEXICO—MICHEL CHEVALIER
  63. MONARCHY—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  64. MORAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE—J. B. SAY
  65. NATIONS, IN POLITICAL ECONOMY—G. DE MOLINARI
  66. NATURE OF THINGS—J. B. SAY.
  67. NAVIGATION ACT—CH. COQUELIN.
  68. NOBILITY.—G. DE MOLINARI.
  69. OUTLET—J. B. SAY
  70. PAPER MONEY—L. WOLOWSKI
  71. PHYSIOCRATES—JOSEPH GARNIER
  72. PLENTY AND DEARTH—FRÉDÉRIC BASTIAT
  73. POLITICAL ECONOMY—CH. COQUELIN
  74. POPULATION—JOSEPH GARNIER
  75. PRODUCTION OF WEALTH—CH. DUNOYER
  76. PROPERTY—L. FAUCHER
  77. PROTECTION—G. DE MOLINARI
  78. RENT—H. PASSY., E. J. L.
  79. REPUBLIC—HENRI BAUDRILLART.
  80. RICARDO DAVID—JOSEPH GARNIER.
  81. SLAVERY—AUGUSTIN COCHIN
  82. SMITH, ADAM—M. MONJEAN
  83. SOCIALISM AND SOCIALISTS—LOUIS REYBAUD
  84. SOCIETY—HENRI BAUDRILLART
  85. THIRD ESTATE—GUIZOT.
  86. UTILITY—HIPPOLYTE PASSY
  87. VALUE—HIPPOLYTE PASSY
  88. WANTS—A. CLÉMENT
  89. WEALTH—A. CLÉMENT