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Period: The Early Modern Period

The Early Modern Period lasted from the late 16th century through to the early 18th century. The major historical events and intellectual movements of that time, which influenced the development of liberty, include the following:

  • Wars of Religion in France which raised the issues of religious intoleration, the proper limits of the power of the crown, and the duty of magistrates to resist a tyrant
  • the Thirty Years War which devastated parts of northern and central Europe and stimulated thinkers like Hugo Grotius to consider the legal limits to the war-making powers of the state
  • the English Revolution or Civil War which saw the overthrow and execution of a king, the creation of a Republic, and the beginnings of modern classical liberal thought in England
  • the Glorius Revolution of 1688 in Britain which saw the creation of modern constitutional monarchy
  • the beginnings of the Enlightenment with the writings of Newton on science and many authors on ideas of natural law
  • the beginnings of modern economic thought prior to the writings of Adam Smith

65 People in this Group:

sort name ↑ name   birth   death  
Althusius Johannes Althusius 1557 1638
Bacon Sir Francis Bacon 1561 1626
Barbon Nicholas Barbon 1623 1698
Bayle Pierre Bayle 1647 1706
Bedingfeld T Thomas Bedingfeld ?
Bohun E Edmund Bohun 1645 1699
Campanella T Tommaso Campanella 1568 1639
Carmichael Gershom Carmichael 1672 1729
Child Josiah Child 1630 1699
Clarke W Sir William Clarke 1623 1666
Coke Sir Edward Coke 1552 1634
Cotton Charles Cotton 1630 1687
Cotton R Sir Robert Cotton 1571 1631
Court Pieter de la Court 1618 1685
Cromwell O Oliver Cromwell 1559 1658
Culverwell Nathaniel Culverwell 1619 1651
Cumberland Richard Cumberland 1632 1718
Dacres E Edward Dacres ?
Descartes Réné Descartes 1596 1650
Dorrington Theophilus Dorrington ? 1715
Dryden John Dryden 1631 1700
Filmer Sir Robert Filmer 1588 1653
Fletcher Andrew Fletcher 1655 1716
Fortrey S Samuel Fortrey 1622 1682
Galilei Galileo Galilei 1564 1642
Grampp W William Dyer Grampp 1914
Grotius Hugo Grotius 1583 1645
Hakluyt Richard Hakluyt ? 1616
Harrington James Harrington 1611 1677
Heineccius J Johann Gottlieb Heineccius 1681 1741
Hobbes Thomas Hobbes 1588 1679
Hooker Richard Hooker 1553 1600
Ireton H Henry Ireton 1611 1651
Lilburne J John Lilburne 1615 1657
Locke John Locke 1632 1704
Malynes Gerard de Malynes 1586 1641
Marlowe C Christopher Marlowe 1564 1593
Milton John Milton 1608 1674
Molseworth R Robert Molesworth 1650 1725
Molyneux W William Molyneux 1656 1698
Mun T Thomas Mun 1571 1641
Nedham M Marchamont Nedham 1620 1678
Neville H Henry Neville 1620 1695
Newton Sir Isaac Newton 1642 1727
Nicole Pierrre Nicole 1625 1695
North Sir Dudley North 1641 1691
Overton R Richard Overton 1631 1664
Pascal B Blaise Pascal 1623 1662
Penn William Penn 1644 1718
Petty Sir William Petty 1623 1687
Pufendorf Samuel von Pufendorf 1632 1694
Rainborough T Thomas Rainborough ? 1648
Roberts L Lewes Roberts 1596 1641
Robinson John John Robinson 1575 1625
Shakespeare William Shakespeare 1564 1616
Sidney Algernon Sidney 1622 1683
Spinoza Benedict de Spinoza 1632 1677
Thomasius T Christian Thomasius 1655 1728
Tooke A Andrew Tooke 1673 1732
Tyrrell J James Tyrrell 1642 1718
Vaughan H Henry Rice Vaughan 1622 1695
Walton Izaak Walton 1593 1683
Welwod William Welwod 1578 1622
Whitehorne P Peter Whitehorne ?
Wildman J John Wildman 1623 1693