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Period: The Renaissance and the Reformation

Between the late Medieval period and 17th century occured two extraordinary events which forever changed European life and culture: the flowering of art, science, and literature known as the Renaissance, and the fracturing of the Christian church into competing denominations, known as the Reformation. The major historical events and intellectual movements of that time, which influenced the development of liberty, include the following:

  • the writings of the great Church reformers, Clavin and Luther, who challenged abuses in the Catholic Church, translated the Bible into the vernacular, and encouraged different interpretations of the meaning of religious texts and the organization of Churches
  • the development of modern political philosophy in the writings of Machiavelli and More
  • the religious wars which followed the Reformation forced thinkers to question the proper authority of the Church and the King, and forced true believers to find the courage to challenge the status quo

15 People in this Group:

sort name ↑ name   birth   death  
Boétie Estienne de la Boétie 1530 1563
Calvin John Calvin 1509 1564
Erasmus Desiderius Erasmus 1466 1536
Holbein Hans Holbein 1460 1524
Hotman F François Hotman 1524 1590
Huss J Jan Huss 1372 1415
Luther Martin Luther 1483 1546
Machiavelli Niccolo Machiavelli 1469 1527
Misc (Reformation Chorale) Misc (Reformation Chorale) ?
Montaigne Michel de Montaigne 1533 1592
More Sir Thomas More 1478 1535
North T Sir Thomas North 1535 1601
Paynell Thomas Paynell 1528 1567
Savonarola Girolamo Savonarola 1452 1498
Zwingli Huldrych Zwingli 1484 1531